Risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection in wild rodents from Central Coastal California and a review of T. gondii prevalence in rodents

Haydee A. Dabritz, Melissa A. Miller, Ian Gardner, Andrea E. Packham, Edward R Atwill, Patricia A Conrad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sera from 523 wild rodents were tested for Toxoplasma gondii antibodies using either an indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) (rats and mice, with titer ≥80 considered positive) or a latex agglutination test (LAT) (voles, squirrels, and pocket mice, with titer ≥32 considered positive). Seventeen percent (88/523) of the rodents, including 26% (85/328) of the Peromyscus sp. and 8% (3/37) of Spermophilus beecheyi, were seropositive. Fourteen percent (23/161) of rodents captured in trap sites next to Morro Bay (California) and 15% (16/109) of rodents from sites adjacent to riparian habitats had antibodies to T. gondii, compared to 19% (49/253) of rodents captured in habitats not associated with water; this difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.32). Significantly fewer rodents were captured <200 m from residential housing compared to locations further away (11% vs. 30%, respectively). Factors associated with an increased risk for T. gondii seropositivity in rodents were capture location ≥200 m from residential housing and adult age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)675-683
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Parasitology
Volume94
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology

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