Risk factors for intubation of adult asthmatic patients

Sean Leson, M. Eric Gershwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our object was to describe demographic data from a population of adult asthmatics admitted to a regional tertiary medical center to identify risk factors for intubation. We performed a retrospective cohort study of all asthma admissions (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Code 493.9) excluding cases with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This included all patients with asthma 20 years and above admitted to the University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, from January 1, 1990 to June 30, 1993. A total of 375 asthma admissions were reviewed. There were 244 women (29 intubated) and 131 men (13 intubated) with a mean age of 40.7 (range 20-72) years. Of this group, 131 people were white, 140 black, 56 Hispanic, 42 Asian, and 6 American Indian. By National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Guidelines, there were 101 mild, 181 moderate, and 93 severe cases. Significant risk parameters identified for intubation were psychosocial problems [odds ratio (O.R.) 9.3; 95% confidence interval (C.I.) 6.8, 12.7], low socioeconomic group (O.R. 2.9; 95% C.I. 1.5, 5.8), little formal education (O.R. 5.4; 95% C.I. 2.8, 10.2), atopic allergy (O.R. 11.7; 95% C.I. 5.7, 23.7), duration of asthma ≥ 15 years (O.R. 2.6; 95% C.I. 1.3, 5.3), previous intubation (O.R. 14.0; 95% C.I. 7.6, 25.6), upper respiratory infection (O.R. 4.0; 95% C.I. 2.2, 7.5), hospital admission for asthma within the last year (O.R. 5.3; 95% C.I. 2.7, 10.4), emergency room visit within the last year (O.R. 8.8; 95% C.I. 3.9, 20.1), and steroid dependency (O.R. 5.5; 95% C.I. 3.0, 10.2). Nonsignificant mild risk factors were a family history of asthma/allergy (O.R. 1.6; 95% C.I. 0.8, 3.0) and a ≥ 10 pack-year smoking history (O.R. 1.6; 95% C.I. 0.8, 3.1). Recognition of the risk factors may have a significant impact on the prevention of intubation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-104
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Asthma
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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