We previously showed that RhoA played an important role in the proliferation of murine Weprostate cancer (TRAMP) cells (P. M. Ghosh et aL, Oncogene, 18: 4120-4130, 1999). Untransfected TRAMP cells as well as those expressing constitutively active RhoA (Q63L) mutant protein (Q63L cells) were highly proliferative. In contrast, TRAMP cells expressing dominant -negative RhoA (T19N) mutant protein (T19N cells) were slow growing. In this study, we showed, in addition, that T19N cells displayed reduced rates of apoptotic cell death in response to serum deprivation, compared with TRAMP and Q63L cells, and we studied the mechanisms of the effects of RhoA on TRAMP cell proliferation and apoptosis. Both proliferation and apoptosis of TRAMP and Q63L cells were dependent on the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) The ubiquitous mitogen-activated Ser/Thr kinase, p70S6 kinase, a downstream effector of PI3K, was overexpressed in TRAMP and Q63L cells. Another PI3K effector, the cell survival protein Akt, displayed increased activity in T19N cells, which did not express active RhoA, compared with TRAMP and Q63L cells. The atypical protein kinase C (PKC) isoform PKCζ, which is downstream of PI3K, was activated in cells expressing active RhoA. In addition, expression of constitutively activated PKCζ in TRAMP cells enhanced proliferation and p70S6 kinase phosphorylation, whereas the inhibition of PKCζ activation resulted in activation of Akt and enhanced cell survival. Thus, the effects of RhoA on TRAMP cell proliferation and apoptosis may be mediated by PKCζ.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - May 1 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research