Doxorubicin (DOX) is commonly used to treat human malignancies, and its efficacy can be maximized by limiting the cardiac toxicity when combined with nanoparticles. Here, we reported a unique type of reversibly disulfide cross-linked micellar formulation of DOX (DOX-DCMs) for the targeted therapy of B-cell lymphoma. DOX-DCMs exhibited high drug loading capacity, optimal particle sizes (15-20 nm), outstanding stability in human plasma, and stimuli-responsive drug release profile under reductive conditions. DOX-DCMs significantly improved the pharmacokinetics of DOX, and its elimination half-life (t1/2) and area under curve (AUC) were 5.5 and 12.4 times of that of free DOX, respectively. Biodistribution studies showed that DOX-DCMs were able to preferentially accumulate in the tumor site and significantly reduce the cardiac uptake of DOX. In a xenograft model of human B-cell lymphoma, compared with the equivalent dose of free DOX and non-crosslinked counterpart, DOX-DCMs not only significantly inhibited the tumor growth and prolonged the survival rate, but also remarkably reduced DOX-associated cardiotoxicity. Furthermore, the exogenous administration of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) at 24 h further improved the therapeutic efficacy of DOX-DCMs, which provides a "proof-of-concept" for precise drug delivery on-demand, and may have great translational potential as future cancer nano-therapeutics.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)