Reversibility of developmental retardation following murine fetal zinc deprivation

R. S. Beach, M. Eric Gershwin, L. S. Hurley

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Abstract

To investigate the effects and reversibility of moderate prenatal zinc deprivation, pregnant mice were fed, beginning on day 7 of gestation, a diet containing either 100 ppm (control) or 5 ppm zinc; pair-fed controls were also studied. Nutritional manipulation was limited to the prenatal period. Zinc-deprived dams had significantly smaller litters than did controls, and postnatal survival was markedly compromised. Progeny of zinc-deprived dams displayed significant growth retardation, as reflected by lower body weight and length than controls, whether ad libitum-fed or pair-fed. Growth of spleen and thymus was affected by zinc deprivation to a significantly greater extent than was growth of heart, kidney or brain. Cross-fostering of control pups to zinc-deprived dams resulted in delayed growth; however, retardation was not as great as that observed in deprived pups allowed to suckle their natural mothers. Cross-fostering of zinc-deprived pups to control dams improved growth of most organs, but did little to improve growth of spleen and, most notably, thymus. Zinc-deprived pups exhibited considerably 'catch up' growth following neonatal zinc repletion, and 6-8 weeks of age, no significant differences between control and deprived offspring were observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1169-1181
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume112
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1982

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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