Results of epidemic simulation modeling to evaluate strategies to control an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease

Thomas W. Bates, Mark Thurmond, Tim Carpenter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective - To assess estimated effectiveness of control and eradication procedures for foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in a region of California. Sample Population - 2,238 herds and 5 sale yards in Fresno, Kings, and Tulare counties of California. Procedure - A spatial stochastic model was used to simulate hypothetical epidemics of FMD for specified control scenarios that included a baseline eradication strategy mandated by USDA and supplemental control strategies of slaughter or vaccination of all animals within a specified distance of infected herds, slaughter of only high-risk animals identified by use of a model simulation, and expansion of infected and surveillance zones. Results - Median number of herds affected varied from 1 to 385 (17% of all herds), depending on type of index herd and delay in diagnosis of FMD. Percentage of herds infected decreased from that of the baseline eradication strategy by expanding the designated infected area from 10 to 20 km (48%), vaccinating within a 50-km radius of an infected herd (41%), slaughtering the 10 highest-risk herds for each infected herd (39%), and slaughtering all animals within 5 km of an infected herd (24%). Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Results for the model provided a means of assessing the relative merits of potential strategies for control and eradication of FMD should it enter the US livestock population. For the study region, preemptive slaughter of highest-risk herds and vaccination of all animals within a specified distance of an infected herd consistently decreased size and duration of an epidemic, compared with the baseline eradication strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-210
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume64
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2003

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Foot-and-Mouth Disease
foot-and-mouth disease
Disease Outbreaks
herds
Vaccination
slaughter
United States Department of Agriculture
Livestock
Population
animals
vaccination
USDA
sales
simulation models
disease control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

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title = "Results of epidemic simulation modeling to evaluate strategies to control an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease",
abstract = "Objective - To assess estimated effectiveness of control and eradication procedures for foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in a region of California. Sample Population - 2,238 herds and 5 sale yards in Fresno, Kings, and Tulare counties of California. Procedure - A spatial stochastic model was used to simulate hypothetical epidemics of FMD for specified control scenarios that included a baseline eradication strategy mandated by USDA and supplemental control strategies of slaughter or vaccination of all animals within a specified distance of infected herds, slaughter of only high-risk animals identified by use of a model simulation, and expansion of infected and surveillance zones. Results - Median number of herds affected varied from 1 to 385 (17{\%} of all herds), depending on type of index herd and delay in diagnosis of FMD. Percentage of herds infected decreased from that of the baseline eradication strategy by expanding the designated infected area from 10 to 20 km (48{\%}), vaccinating within a 50-km radius of an infected herd (41{\%}), slaughtering the 10 highest-risk herds for each infected herd (39{\%}), and slaughtering all animals within 5 km of an infected herd (24{\%}). Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Results for the model provided a means of assessing the relative merits of potential strategies for control and eradication of FMD should it enter the US livestock population. For the study region, preemptive slaughter of highest-risk herds and vaccination of all animals within a specified distance of an infected herd consistently decreased size and duration of an epidemic, compared with the baseline eradication strategy.",
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