Resting cortical brain activity and social behavior in higher functioning children with autism

Steven K. Sutton, Courtney P. Burnette, Peter Clive Mundy, Jessica Meyer, Amy Vaughan, Chris Sanders, Marygrace Yale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Psychophysiological measurement of processes related to social behavior may be valuable for research on individual differences and subgroups among children with autism spectrum disorders (Coleman, 1987; Dawson, Klinger, Panagiotides, Lewy, & Castelloe, 1995; Modahl et al., 1998). In particular, recent research and theory suggests that measures of resting anterior EEG asymmetry reflect complex brain processes associated with individual differences in approach or avoidance motivation that may be associated with social and emotional interaction tendencies among children with autism. Method: This hypothesis was examined in a study of the relations among resting anterior asymmetry, social impairment, and social anxiety in 23 high functioning children with autism (HFA) and 20 controls (age range 9-14 years). Results: These groups were significantly different on the measures of anterior asymmetry, social symptoms and anxiety-related measures. Moreover, HFA children who displayed right frontal asymmetry (RFA group) displayed more symptoms of social impairments and better visual analytic skills than did children who displayed left frontal asymmetry (LFA group). Alternatively, while the LFA group displayed fewer symptoms of social impairment they also reported greater levels of social anxiety, social stress, and lower satisfaction with interpersonal relations than did the RFA group. Conclusions: These observations indicate that anterior EEG asymmetry may be a marker of motivation and emotion processes that refract the autism taxon into important individual differences in social presentation among higher functioning children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-222
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Social Behavior
Autistic Disorder
Brain
Individuality
Anxiety
Interpersonal Relations
Motivation
Electroencephalography
Vision Disorders
Research
Emotions

Keywords

  • Asperger's disorder
  • Autistic disorder
  • EEG
  • Individual differences
  • Social behavior
  • Symptomatology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Resting cortical brain activity and social behavior in higher functioning children with autism. / Sutton, Steven K.; Burnette, Courtney P.; Mundy, Peter Clive; Meyer, Jessica; Vaughan, Amy; Sanders, Chris; Yale, Marygrace.

In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, Vol. 46, No. 2, 02.2005, p. 211-222.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sutton, Steven K. ; Burnette, Courtney P. ; Mundy, Peter Clive ; Meyer, Jessica ; Vaughan, Amy ; Sanders, Chris ; Yale, Marygrace. / Resting cortical brain activity and social behavior in higher functioning children with autism. In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines. 2005 ; Vol. 46, No. 2. pp. 211-222.
@article{6f0866ddf0ec44ba8674f81aa7ed3423,
title = "Resting cortical brain activity and social behavior in higher functioning children with autism",
abstract = "Background: Psychophysiological measurement of processes related to social behavior may be valuable for research on individual differences and subgroups among children with autism spectrum disorders (Coleman, 1987; Dawson, Klinger, Panagiotides, Lewy, & Castelloe, 1995; Modahl et al., 1998). In particular, recent research and theory suggests that measures of resting anterior EEG asymmetry reflect complex brain processes associated with individual differences in approach or avoidance motivation that may be associated with social and emotional interaction tendencies among children with autism. Method: This hypothesis was examined in a study of the relations among resting anterior asymmetry, social impairment, and social anxiety in 23 high functioning children with autism (HFA) and 20 controls (age range 9-14 years). Results: These groups were significantly different on the measures of anterior asymmetry, social symptoms and anxiety-related measures. Moreover, HFA children who displayed right frontal asymmetry (RFA group) displayed more symptoms of social impairments and better visual analytic skills than did children who displayed left frontal asymmetry (LFA group). Alternatively, while the LFA group displayed fewer symptoms of social impairment they also reported greater levels of social anxiety, social stress, and lower satisfaction with interpersonal relations than did the RFA group. Conclusions: These observations indicate that anterior EEG asymmetry may be a marker of motivation and emotion processes that refract the autism taxon into important individual differences in social presentation among higher functioning children.",
keywords = "Asperger's disorder, Autistic disorder, EEG, Individual differences, Social behavior, Symptomatology",
author = "Sutton, {Steven K.} and Burnette, {Courtney P.} and Mundy, {Peter Clive} and Jessica Meyer and Amy Vaughan and Chris Sanders and Marygrace Yale",
year = "2005",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00341.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "46",
pages = "211--222",
journal = "Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines",
issn = "0021-9630",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Resting cortical brain activity and social behavior in higher functioning children with autism

AU - Sutton, Steven K.

AU - Burnette, Courtney P.

AU - Mundy, Peter Clive

AU - Meyer, Jessica

AU - Vaughan, Amy

AU - Sanders, Chris

AU - Yale, Marygrace

PY - 2005/2

Y1 - 2005/2

N2 - Background: Psychophysiological measurement of processes related to social behavior may be valuable for research on individual differences and subgroups among children with autism spectrum disorders (Coleman, 1987; Dawson, Klinger, Panagiotides, Lewy, & Castelloe, 1995; Modahl et al., 1998). In particular, recent research and theory suggests that measures of resting anterior EEG asymmetry reflect complex brain processes associated with individual differences in approach or avoidance motivation that may be associated with social and emotional interaction tendencies among children with autism. Method: This hypothesis was examined in a study of the relations among resting anterior asymmetry, social impairment, and social anxiety in 23 high functioning children with autism (HFA) and 20 controls (age range 9-14 years). Results: These groups were significantly different on the measures of anterior asymmetry, social symptoms and anxiety-related measures. Moreover, HFA children who displayed right frontal asymmetry (RFA group) displayed more symptoms of social impairments and better visual analytic skills than did children who displayed left frontal asymmetry (LFA group). Alternatively, while the LFA group displayed fewer symptoms of social impairment they also reported greater levels of social anxiety, social stress, and lower satisfaction with interpersonal relations than did the RFA group. Conclusions: These observations indicate that anterior EEG asymmetry may be a marker of motivation and emotion processes that refract the autism taxon into important individual differences in social presentation among higher functioning children.

AB - Background: Psychophysiological measurement of processes related to social behavior may be valuable for research on individual differences and subgroups among children with autism spectrum disorders (Coleman, 1987; Dawson, Klinger, Panagiotides, Lewy, & Castelloe, 1995; Modahl et al., 1998). In particular, recent research and theory suggests that measures of resting anterior EEG asymmetry reflect complex brain processes associated with individual differences in approach or avoidance motivation that may be associated with social and emotional interaction tendencies among children with autism. Method: This hypothesis was examined in a study of the relations among resting anterior asymmetry, social impairment, and social anxiety in 23 high functioning children with autism (HFA) and 20 controls (age range 9-14 years). Results: These groups were significantly different on the measures of anterior asymmetry, social symptoms and anxiety-related measures. Moreover, HFA children who displayed right frontal asymmetry (RFA group) displayed more symptoms of social impairments and better visual analytic skills than did children who displayed left frontal asymmetry (LFA group). Alternatively, while the LFA group displayed fewer symptoms of social impairment they also reported greater levels of social anxiety, social stress, and lower satisfaction with interpersonal relations than did the RFA group. Conclusions: These observations indicate that anterior EEG asymmetry may be a marker of motivation and emotion processes that refract the autism taxon into important individual differences in social presentation among higher functioning children.

KW - Asperger's disorder

KW - Autistic disorder

KW - EEG

KW - Individual differences

KW - Social behavior

KW - Symptomatology

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=15844368455&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=15844368455&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00341.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00341.x

M3 - Article

C2 - 15679529

AN - SCOPUS:15844368455

VL - 46

SP - 211

EP - 222

JO - Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines

JF - Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines

SN - 0021-9630

IS - 2

ER -