Reproducible demonstration of blood flow at duodenal ulcer margins by endoscopic reflectance spectrophotometry

N. W. Wong, E. M. Bondoc, V. P. Banez, R. Hsu, Joseph Leung, M. G. Nicholls, F. W. Leung

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13 Scopus citations


Changes in gastrointestinal mucosal blood flow were evaluated by index of oxygen saturation (ISO2) and index of hemoglobin concentration (IHB) measured with a reflectance spectrophotometer. This report examined the reproducibility of endoscopic measurements of ISO2 and IHB. Study 1: The everted stomachs of three anesthetized rats provided hands-on instruction (one teacher and three learners). Six sets of readings were obtained endoscopically (the mean calculated to give the measurement) at each level of gastric mucosal perfusion when gastric blood flow was varied by withdrawing blood from the carotid artery. Study 2: Fourteen duodenal ulcer patients with ulcer bleeding were transfused and stabilized. Two endoscopists (one teacher and one learner) took turns to obtain endoscopic ISO2 and IHB measurements at the margin of the ulcer and at the adjacent normal appearing mucosa. ΔISO2 was calculated as the ulcer margin value minus adjacent mucosa value. In study 1, the correlation coefficients between the ISO2 measurements of the experienced and those of the other three observers were 0.99, 0.97, and 0.97, respectively. In study 2, the correlation coefficients between the ISO2 measurements obtained at the ulcer margin and at the adjacent normal mucosa, and delta ISO2 obtained by the experienced observer and one of the three learners were 0.94, 0.97, and 0.94, respectively. Relative to the adjacent area, 79% of the duodenal ulcers studied had increased (+ΔISO2), and 21% had decreased blood flow (-ΔISO2) at the ulcer margins. IHB measurements were less reproducible, particularly at the ulcer margin. The measurements of ISO2 and delta ISO2 were reproducible in the everted rat stomach and in duodenal ulcer patients. The endoscopic technique was easily taught using an in vivo everted rat stomach model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)455-459
Number of pages5
JournalGastrointestinal Endoscopy
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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