The hypothesis that the human sodium-iodide symporter, NIS, can be used to detect NIS expression using standard radiological techniques was tested using adenoviral transduced NIS expression in human tumor xenografts grown in mice and in a naive dog prostate. Nonradioactive iodide was administered systemically to animals that 1-3 days previously had received a local injection of a replication-competent adenovirus expressing NIS under the control of the CMV promoter. The distribution of radiopacity was assessed in mouse tumors using micro-CT and a clinical X-ray machine and in the prostate of an anesthetized dog using a clinical spiral CT. Iodide sequestration and NIS expression were measured using X-ray spectrochemical analysis and fluorescence microscopy, respectively. Radiographic contrast due to NIS gene expression that was observed indicates the technique has potential for use in preclinical rodent tumor studies but probably lacks sensitivity for human use.
- Nonradioactive radiographic contrast
- Reporter gene imaging
- Sodium-iodide symporter
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging