Renal replacement therapy for acute kidney injury in burn patients, an international survey and a qualitative review of current controversies

Athina Lavrentieva, Nadia Depetris, Naiem Moiemen, Michael Joannidis, Tina Louise Palmieri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background of the study: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in critically ill burn patients and is associated with a number of serious adverse outcomes. The clinical decision-making process related to the management of AKI in burn patients is complex and has not been sufficiently standardized. The main aim of this study was to explore the diagnostic approach and clinician's attitudes toward the management of AKI and RRT in burn patients around the world. Methods: The questionnaire was widely distributed among the members of International Society for Burn Injury (ISBI), who were invited to complete the survey. Data collection and report was compliant with the the Checklist for Reporting Results of Internet E-Surveys (CHERRIES) Web-survey guidelines. The survey form with multiple-choice questions was divided into 3 parts: a. physician and institutional demographics, b. AKI diagnostic information, c. technical aspects of RRT. Results: A total of 44 respondents worldwide submitted valuable data in the 2-month period. Of all respondents, 43.2% were from Europe, 30% from North America, 7% from South-East Asia 2.3% from Africa and 18.2% from other regions. 93.1% of participants declare that they use specific definitions to detect AKI, while 11.4% declare the use of renal ultrasonography for AKI diagnosis. CRRT appeared to be the most preferred option by 43.2% of participants, followed by intermittent hemodialysis (25%), and prolonged intermittent RRT (6.8%). The expertise to deliver a modality and the availability of resources were considered important factors when selecting the optimal RRT modality by 20.5% and 29.6% of respondents. The use of specific serum biomarkers for AKI diagnosis are stated by 16% of respondents; 25% of specialists refer to the use of biomarkers of AKI as a criterium for discontinuing the RRT. Femoral vena and right jugular vena were the most frequently used location for RRT temporary catheter placement, 54.6% of respondents declared using ultrasound guidance for catheter placement. Conclusions: The majority of burn specialists use specific consensus classifications to detect acute kidney injury. Continuous renal replacement therapy appeared to be the most preferred option, while the expertise to deliver a particular modality and resources availability play a significant role in modality selection. The use of ultrasound and specific biomarkers for AKI evaluation is infrequent in routine clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBurns
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Acute kidney injury
  • Burn
  • Controversies
  • Diagnosis
  • Management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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