Remineralization of demineralized bone matrix (DBM) via alternating solution immersion (ASI)

Matthew A. Soicher, Blaine A. Christiansen, Susan M. Stover, J. Kent Leach, David P. Fyhrie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


In order to achieve successful clinical outcomes, biomaterials used for bone grafts must possess a number of traits including biocompatibility and osteoconductivity. These materials must also demonstrate appropriate mechanical stability to withstand handling as well as support potentially significant stresses at the implant site. Synthetic and natural polymer scaffolds used for bone tissue engineering (BTE) often lack necessary mechanical properties. Our goal was to internally mineralize natural collagenous matrix, thereby increasing mechanical properties of the material to useful levels. Published methods for intrafibrillar collagen mineralization were applied to clinically relevant-sized constructs but did not successfully deposit mineral in the interior of the constructs. To address this limitation, we developed a new technique for the remineralization of demineralized bone matrix (DBM) based on alternating solution immersion, or ASI.Mineral was removed from equine bone specimens, leaving behind a demineralized bone matrix (DBM). This matrix provides a framework for the nucleation and growth of a replacement mineral phase. Plain film radiography and microcomputed tomography (microCT) indicated accumulation of mineral within the DBM, and mechanical testing (3 point bending and compression) revealed a significant increase in stiffness between the DBM and the remineralized bone matrix (RBM). We believe this remineralization process will be useful in the preparation of stiff and strong allografts for clinical application.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-118
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
StatePublished - Oct 2013


  • Bone graft
  • Collagen
  • Matrix
  • Mineralization
  • Tissue engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials


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