Religious and spiritual case reports on medline: A systematic analysis of records from 1980 to 1996

David Lukoff, Roberta Provenzano, Francis G Lu, Robert Turner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective • To undertake a systematic analysis of case reports involving religious or spiritual issues published between 1980 and 1996. Data Sources • MEDLINE, the National Library of Medicine's bibliographic database covering the fields of medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, and the preclinical sciences. Study Selection • A search of 4306906 records indexed on MEDLINE from 1980 to 1996. Data Extraction • A total of 364 abstracts were found, then subjected to coding analysis. Data Synthesis • Categories were developed for (1) types of healthcare situations involving religious/spiritual issues, (2) religious and spiritual interventions, (3) collaboration between healthcare and religious professionals, (4) psychopathology and sensitivity themes, and (5) religious faith/spiritual path. Although all of these case reports involved religious and spiritual issues, only 45 (12%) explicitly mentioned a religious professional. Of these, only 8 (2%) indicated any collaboration between healthcare and religious professionals. Conclusions • A paucity of published case report literature exists on religious and spiritual issues (.008% of the MEDLINE records), indicating that the increasing acceptance of these factors by patients and healthcare professionals is not yet reflected in scientific and clinical journals. A need exists for more documented examples of collaboration between healthcare and religious professionals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)64-70
Number of pages7
JournalAlternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Volume5
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Nursing(all)

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