Reliability and Construct Validity of the Paired-Associate Recognition Test: A Test of Declarative Memory Using Wisconsin Card Sorting Stimuli

John D Ragland, Ruben C. Gur, Gayle K. Deutsch, David M. Censits, Raquel E. Gur

10 Scopus citations


The Paired-Axxsssociate Recognition Test (PART) was developed to test declarative memory using Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) stimuli, for use in physiologic neuroimaging studies of memory and executive function in schizophrenia. PART was administered to 55 healthy adults (30 male, 25 female) to establish reliability and construct validity. Reliability results indicate that PART performance was stable across trials and internally consistent. Convergent validity was confirmed by significant correlations between PART and standard measures of visual recall, and by PART loading on a memory factor. Divergent validity was established through low correlations between PART and WCST, and by a loading of WCST on a separate factor. Overall results indicate that PART can be administered reliably and that it requires declarative memory processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-32
Number of pages8
JournalPsychological Assessment
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1995
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Applied Psychology

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