Relationships among weather, mosquito abundance, and encephalitis virus activity in California

Kern county 1990-98

Jeny Wegbreit, William Reisen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The summer abundance of Culex tarsalis in Kern County, California, during 1990-98 was related quantitatively to rainfall, snow depth and water content, and runoff of the Kern River. Total monthly rain that fell during winter, lagged by 4-6 months, explained only 13% of the variability in the number of host-seeking females collected per trap night per month during summer. In contrast, regression analysis showed that river runoff 1 month earlier explained 67% of the variability in mosquito abundance. The water content of snowpack measured within the Kern River watershed during winter explained 70% of the variation in average mosquito abundance during the following summer. After being absent from Kern County since 1983, western equine encephalomyelitis virus (WEE) returned during the wet years of 1996-98 after the flow of the Kern River exceeded 150,000 acre-ft (450 hectare-meters) per month. Water content of snow in the Sierra Nevada during winter provided an excellent early warning of vernal river runoff, mosquito abundance, and enzootic WEE activity levels on the floor of the San Joaquin Valley.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22-27
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Mosquito Control Association
Volume16
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2000

Fingerprint

Encephalitis Viruses
encephalitis
Weather
Culicidae
mosquito
Rivers
virus
weather
Western Equine Encephalitis Viruses
viruses
rivers
Western equine encephalitis virus
Snow
runoff
river
water content
snow
winter
Water
summer

Keywords

  • California
  • Culex tarsalis abundance
  • River runoff
  • Snowpack
  • Surveillance
  • Western equine encephalomyelitis virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Insect Science

Cite this

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title = "Relationships among weather, mosquito abundance, and encephalitis virus activity in California: Kern county 1990-98",
abstract = "The summer abundance of Culex tarsalis in Kern County, California, during 1990-98 was related quantitatively to rainfall, snow depth and water content, and runoff of the Kern River. Total monthly rain that fell during winter, lagged by 4-6 months, explained only 13{\%} of the variability in the number of host-seeking females collected per trap night per month during summer. In contrast, regression analysis showed that river runoff 1 month earlier explained 67{\%} of the variability in mosquito abundance. The water content of snowpack measured within the Kern River watershed during winter explained 70{\%} of the variation in average mosquito abundance during the following summer. After being absent from Kern County since 1983, western equine encephalomyelitis virus (WEE) returned during the wet years of 1996-98 after the flow of the Kern River exceeded 150,000 acre-ft (450 hectare-meters) per month. Water content of snow in the Sierra Nevada during winter provided an excellent early warning of vernal river runoff, mosquito abundance, and enzootic WEE activity levels on the floor of the San Joaquin Valley.",
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AU - Wegbreit, Jeny

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N2 - The summer abundance of Culex tarsalis in Kern County, California, during 1990-98 was related quantitatively to rainfall, snow depth and water content, and runoff of the Kern River. Total monthly rain that fell during winter, lagged by 4-6 months, explained only 13% of the variability in the number of host-seeking females collected per trap night per month during summer. In contrast, regression analysis showed that river runoff 1 month earlier explained 67% of the variability in mosquito abundance. The water content of snowpack measured within the Kern River watershed during winter explained 70% of the variation in average mosquito abundance during the following summer. After being absent from Kern County since 1983, western equine encephalomyelitis virus (WEE) returned during the wet years of 1996-98 after the flow of the Kern River exceeded 150,000 acre-ft (450 hectare-meters) per month. Water content of snow in the Sierra Nevada during winter provided an excellent early warning of vernal river runoff, mosquito abundance, and enzootic WEE activity levels on the floor of the San Joaquin Valley.

AB - The summer abundance of Culex tarsalis in Kern County, California, during 1990-98 was related quantitatively to rainfall, snow depth and water content, and runoff of the Kern River. Total monthly rain that fell during winter, lagged by 4-6 months, explained only 13% of the variability in the number of host-seeking females collected per trap night per month during summer. In contrast, regression analysis showed that river runoff 1 month earlier explained 67% of the variability in mosquito abundance. The water content of snowpack measured within the Kern River watershed during winter explained 70% of the variation in average mosquito abundance during the following summer. After being absent from Kern County since 1983, western equine encephalomyelitis virus (WEE) returned during the wet years of 1996-98 after the flow of the Kern River exceeded 150,000 acre-ft (450 hectare-meters) per month. Water content of snow in the Sierra Nevada during winter provided an excellent early warning of vernal river runoff, mosquito abundance, and enzootic WEE activity levels on the floor of the San Joaquin Valley.

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