Relationships among food label use, motivation, and dietary quality

Lisa M. Soederberg Miller, Diana L Cassady, Elizabeth A. Applegate, Laurel A Beckett, Machelle D. Wilson, Tanja N. Gibson, Kathleen Ellwood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nutrition information on packaged foods supplies information that aids consumers in meeting the recommendations put forth in the US Dietary Guidelines for Americans such as reducing intake of solid fats and added sugars. It is important to understand how food label use is related to dietary intake. However, prior work is based only on self-reported use of food labels, making it unclear if subjective assessments are biased toward motivational influences. We assessed food label use using both self-reported and objective measures, the stage of change, and dietary quality in a sample of 392 stratified by income. Self-reported food label use was assessed using a questionnaire. Objective use was assessed using a mock shopping task in which participants viewed food labels and decided which foods to purchase. Eye movements were monitored to assess attention to nutrition information on the food labels. Individuals paid attention to nutrition information when selecting foods to buy. Self-reported and objective measures of label use showed some overlap with each other (r = 0.29, p < 0.001), and both predicted dietary quality (p < 0.001 for both). The stage of change diminished the predictive power of subjective (p < 0.09), but not objective (p < 0.01), food label use. These data show both self-reported and objective measures of food label use are positively associated with dietary quality. However, self-reported measures appear to capture a greater motivational component of food label use than do more objective measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1068-1080
Number of pages13
JournalNutrients
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 5 2015

Fingerprint

food labeling
nutritional adequacy
Food
nutrition information
Dietary Guidelines
Nutrition Policy
Food Supply
food intake
Eye Movements
income
questionnaires
eyes
sugars
Fats

Keywords

  • Attention relationships among food label use
  • Dietary quality
  • Food choice
  • Motivation
  • Motivation
  • Nutrition labels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

Cite this

Soederberg Miller, L. M., Cassady, D. L., Applegate, E. A., Beckett, L. A., Wilson, M. D., Gibson, T. N., & Ellwood, K. (2015). Relationships among food label use, motivation, and dietary quality. Nutrients, 7(2), 1068-1080. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu7021068

Relationships among food label use, motivation, and dietary quality. / Soederberg Miller, Lisa M.; Cassady, Diana L; Applegate, Elizabeth A.; Beckett, Laurel A; Wilson, Machelle D.; Gibson, Tanja N.; Ellwood, Kathleen.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 7, No. 2, 05.02.2015, p. 1068-1080.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soederberg Miller, LM, Cassady, DL, Applegate, EA, Beckett, LA, Wilson, MD, Gibson, TN & Ellwood, K 2015, 'Relationships among food label use, motivation, and dietary quality', Nutrients, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 1068-1080. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu7021068
Soederberg Miller LM, Cassady DL, Applegate EA, Beckett LA, Wilson MD, Gibson TN et al. Relationships among food label use, motivation, and dietary quality. Nutrients. 2015 Feb 5;7(2):1068-1080. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu7021068
Soederberg Miller, Lisa M. ; Cassady, Diana L ; Applegate, Elizabeth A. ; Beckett, Laurel A ; Wilson, Machelle D. ; Gibson, Tanja N. ; Ellwood, Kathleen. / Relationships among food label use, motivation, and dietary quality. In: Nutrients. 2015 ; Vol. 7, No. 2. pp. 1068-1080.
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