Relationship of past depressive episodes to symptom severity and treatment response in panic disorder with agoraphobia

Richard J Maddock, Cameron S Carter, K. H. Blacker, B. D. Beitman, K. R R Krishnan, J. W. Jefferson, C. P. Lewis, M. R. Liebowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Many investigators have reported that panic disorder (PD) patients with comorbid major depression (MD) have more severe symptoms and a poorer response to treatment than patients with PD alone. It is not known if this is due to a distinct and more serious underlying disorder in these patients or simply a result of the simultaneous presence of the two disorders. Method: Nondepressed patients presenting for treatment of panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA) were studied before treatment (N = 180) and after 4 weeks of treatment with adinazolam sustained release (N = 89) or placebo (N = 91). Twenty-nine percent (N = 53) of the patients had a past history of MD Symptom severity and treatment outcome were compared in patients with primary, secondary, single, recurrent, or no past MD. Results: There were no consistent differences in symptom severity or treatment outcome in patients with a past history of primary, secondary, or single episode MD compared with patients with no history of MD. However, a small number of patients with history of recurrent MD exhibited consistently greater symptom severity and poorer response to treatment than patients with no history of MD. Conclusion: The greater severity and worse outcome of comorbid PD and MD observed in earlier studies are more likely due to the simultaneous presence of the two disorders than to a more serious and enduring underlying disorder. However, our results suggest that recurrent MD may indicate a more serious condition in patients with PDA. This possibility warrants further study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)88-95
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychiatry
Volume54
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Relationship of past depressive episodes to symptom severity and treatment response in panic disorder with agoraphobia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this