Relationship between Apgar scores and long-term cognitive outcomes in individuals with Down syndrome

Laura del Hoyo Soriano, Tracie C. Rosser, Debra R. Hamilton, Danielle J. Harvey, Leonard Abbeduto, Stephanie L. Sherman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study examined the contribution of the Apgar score at 1 and 5 min after birth to later cognitive functioning in 168 individuals with Down syndrome who were between 6 and 25 years of age at time of cognitive testing. Our results showed that a lower Apgar score at 1 min was related to a worse performance in later cognitive measures of receptive vocabulary, verbal comprehension and production, visual memory and working memory. Results also showed that a lower Apgar score at 5 min was only related to worse later outcomes of verbal comprehension and production and auditory working memory. Our findings suggest a need for future studies investigating how specific perinatal events reflected in the Apgar score are linked to later cognitive functioning in individuals with Down syndrome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number12707
JournalScientific reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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