Relation of demographic and lifestyle factors to symptoms in a multi-racial/ethnic population of women 40-55 years of age

Ellen B Gold, Barbara Sternfeld, Jennifer L. Kelsey, Charlotte Brown, Charles Mouton, Nancy Reame, Loran Salamone, Rebecca Stellato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

589 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A community-based survey was conducted during 1995-1997 of factors related to menopausal and other symptoms in a multi-racial/ethnic sample of 16,065 women aged 40-55 years. Each of seven sites comprising the Study of Women's Health across the Nation (SWAN) surveyed one of four minority populations and a Caucasian population. The largest adjusted prevalence odds ratios for all symptoms, particularly hot flashes or night sweats (odds ratios = 2.06-4.32), were for women who were peri- or postmenopausal. Most symptoms were reported least frequently by Japanese and Chinese (odds ratios = 0.47-0.67 compared with Caucasian) women. African-American women reported vasomotor symptoms and vaginal dryness more (odds ratios = 1.17-1.63) but urine leakage and difficulty sleeping less (odds ratios = 0.64-0.72) than Caucasians. Hispanic women reported urine leakage, vaginal dryness, heart pounding, and forgetfulness more (odds ratios = 1.22-1.85). Hot flashes or night sweats, urine leakage, and stiffness or soreness were associated with a high body mass index (odds ratios = 1.15-2.18 for women with a body mass index ≥27 vs. 19-26.9 kg/m2). Most symptoms were reported most frequently among women who had difficulty paying for basics (odds ratios = 1.15-2.05), who smoked (odds ratios = 1.21-1.78), and who rated themselves less physically active than other women their age (odds ratios = 1.24-2.33). These results suggest that lifestyle, menstrual status, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status affect symptoms in this age group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)463-473
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Epidemiology
Volume152
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2000

Fingerprint

Life Style
Odds Ratio
Demography
Population
Hot Flashes
Sweat
Urine
Body Mass Index
Women's Health
Hispanic Americans
Social Class
African Americans
Age Groups

Keywords

  • Ethnic groups
  • Menopause
  • Risk factors
  • Smoking
  • Social class
  • Symptoms and general pathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Relation of demographic and lifestyle factors to symptoms in a multi-racial/ethnic population of women 40-55 years of age. / Gold, Ellen B; Sternfeld, Barbara; Kelsey, Jennifer L.; Brown, Charlotte; Mouton, Charles; Reame, Nancy; Salamone, Loran; Stellato, Rebecca.

In: American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 152, No. 5, 01.09.2000, p. 463-473.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gold, Ellen B ; Sternfeld, Barbara ; Kelsey, Jennifer L. ; Brown, Charlotte ; Mouton, Charles ; Reame, Nancy ; Salamone, Loran ; Stellato, Rebecca. / Relation of demographic and lifestyle factors to symptoms in a multi-racial/ethnic population of women 40-55 years of age. In: American Journal of Epidemiology. 2000 ; Vol. 152, No. 5. pp. 463-473.
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