Regulation of u-PA gene expression in human prostate cancer

Christopher P Evans, Eschelle C. Stapp, Marc Dall'Era, Jose Juarez, Joy C. Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


u-PA contributes to CaP progression, especially in the metastatic androgen-insensitive state. In vitro, u-PA is expressed by androgen-insensitive, but not androgen-sensitive, CaP cell lines. We hypothesized that in androgen-sensitive CaP an activated ARE represses u-PA expression but in androgen-insensitive CaP this repression is lost and u-PA is upregulated through MAP kinase signaling pathways. To determine whether binding of the DHT-AR complex to AREs in the u-PA promoter region represses u-PA transcription in androgen-sensitive CaP, we studied 2 PC3 androgen-insensitive human CaP cell lines stably transfected with AR [PC3(AR)2 and PC3(AR)13] and I mock-transfected cell line [PC3(M)]. In the presence of the synthetic androgen mibolerone, both PC3(AR)2 and PC3(AR)13, but not PC3(M), cells showed decreased u-PA expression as assayed by Western and Northern blotting. The AR inhibitor flutamide abrogated mibolerone's effect. Androgen regulation of a second gene, PSA, was also demonstrated in the PC3(AR)2 cell line. To explore the pathway stimulating u-PA expression in CaP, we performed transient transfections in PC3(AR)2 cells using u-PA promoter-regulated CAT reporter constructs. Compared to full-length u-PA promoter-CAT constructs, either deletion or mutation of the 5′ AP-1 or PEA3 site reduced CAT expression. The location of androgen responsiveness in the u-PA promoter was not identified through the combination of promoter search and transient transfection assays, indicating that a more complicated mechanism is involved in the AR-mediated downmodulation of u-PA expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)390-395
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 1 2001


  • Androgen
  • Prostate cancer
  • Signal transduction
  • Transcriptional regulation
  • Urokinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology


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