Regulation of Steroidogenesis

Andrew A. Bremer, Walter L. Miller

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Steroidogenesis involves the conversion of cholesterol to glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, and sex steroids, which regulate development and physiology. Steroidogenesis is often discussed in a gland-specific fashion, but is better understood as a single process that is repeated in each gland with cell type-specific variations. Thus, the regulation of steroidogenesis occurs by regulating the transcription and post-translational modification of the steroidogenic enzymes and co-factors, in a tissue-specific fashion. Most steroidogenic enzymes are either hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases or cytochrome P450 enzymes; the activities of these enzymes are modulated by post-translational modifications and co-factors, especially electron-donating redox partners. The first and rate-limiting steroidogenic step is catalyzed by P450scc in all steroidogenic tissues, determining steroidogenic capacity; the qualitative regulation of steroidogenesis determining the class of steroid produced is principally mediated by P450c17. Understanding steroidogenesis permits understanding disorders of sexual differentiation, reproduction, fertility, hypertension, obesity, and physiologic homeostasis, and is essential for rational steroid therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCellular Endocrinology in Health and Disease
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages207-227
Number of pages21
ISBN (Print)9780124081345
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Steroids
Post Translational Protein Processing
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Enzymes
Tissue
Disorders of Sex Development
Mineralocorticoids
Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases
Physiology
Transcription
Glucocorticoids
Oxidation-Reduction
Reproduction
Fertility
Homeostasis
Obesity
Cholesterol
Electrons
Hypertension
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Adrenal
  • Adrenarche
  • Androgens
  • Estrogens
  • Glucocorticoid
  • Gonad
  • Mineralocorticoid
  • Steroid
  • Steroidogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Bremer, A. A., & Miller, W. L. (2014). Regulation of Steroidogenesis. In Cellular Endocrinology in Health and Disease (pp. 207-227). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-408134-5.00013-5

Regulation of Steroidogenesis. / Bremer, Andrew A.; Miller, Walter L.

Cellular Endocrinology in Health and Disease. Elsevier Inc., 2014. p. 207-227.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Bremer, AA & Miller, WL 2014, Regulation of Steroidogenesis. in Cellular Endocrinology in Health and Disease. Elsevier Inc., pp. 207-227. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-408134-5.00013-5
Bremer AA, Miller WL. Regulation of Steroidogenesis. In Cellular Endocrinology in Health and Disease. Elsevier Inc. 2014. p. 207-227 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-408134-5.00013-5
Bremer, Andrew A. ; Miller, Walter L. / Regulation of Steroidogenesis. Cellular Endocrinology in Health and Disease. Elsevier Inc., 2014. pp. 207-227
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