Previous reports from this laboratory have demonstrated that alpha 2-adrenergic receptors accelerate Na+/H+ exchange in NG108-15 neuroblastoma X glioma cells and evoke platelet secretion via a pathway involving Na+/H+ exchange. The present studies were designed to examine whether agents that interact with Na+/H+ antiporters also might influence alpha 2-adrenergic receptor-ligand interactions. We observed that Na+ decreases receptor affinity for the agonists epinephrine, norepinephrine, and UK14304 and slightly increases receptor affinity for the antagonists yohimbine and idazoxan in digitonin-solubilized preparations from porcine brain cortex. Increases in [H+] also decrease receptor affinity for agonists and cause either a slight increase or no change in receptor affinity for antagonists. Amiloride analogs accelerate the rate of [3H] yohimbine dissociation from digitonin-solubilized receptors with a relative effectiveness that parallels their ability to block Na+/H+ exchange in other systems. Interestingly, these modulatory effects of Na+,H+ and 5-amino-substituted analogs of amiloride are retained in homogeneous preparations of the alpha 2-adrenergic receptor, suggesting that the allosteric-binding sites for these agents are on the receptor-binding protein itself.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Sep 5 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas