Regulation of mucosal immunity by airway epithelium: The interleukin-17A paradigm

Fei Huang, Cheng Yuan Kao, Philip Thai, Shinichiro Wachi, Christy Kim, Yong Lee, Li Yin Hung, Richart W Harper, Mary Mann-Jong Chang, Reen Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Increasing evidence suggests that the airway epithelium plays an essential role in the modulation of airway innate and adaptive immune responses in addition to serving as a physical barrier against microbial infection and exterior insults. The nature of this modulation and the potential mediators involved are currently unresolved. Interleukin (IL)-17A has recently emerged as a potential candidate for directly modulating innate and adaptive immune responses. Our laboratory has recently shown that IL-17A is one of the most potent cytokines among a panel of 21 (IL-1α, -1β, -2-13, -15, -16, and -18, interferon-γ, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, and tumor necrosis factor-α) for stimulating the expression of human β-defensin (HBD)-2 and CC chemokine ligand 20 (CCL20)/macrophage inflammatory protein-3 by primary human airway epithelial cells. Using Affymetrix gene chips and quantitative polymerase chain reaction, we identified the following IL-17A-induced genes in well-differentiated normal human bronchial epithelium: IL-19, growth-related oncogene-α, -β, and -γ, CXC-5, and glutamate carboxypeptidase-2, in addition to the known inducible cytokines CCL20, IL-8, and HBD-2. As the presence of IL-17A at elevated levels has been demonstrated in a variety of airway diseases, including those related to microbial infection, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and Th2-dominated diseases, the induction of these diverse cytokines may further support the critical role of IL-17A in the pathogenesis of airway diseases and airway inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-98
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Organ Dysfunction
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Keywords

  • Airway epithelium
  • Cytokines
  • Interleukin-17A
  • Mucosal immunity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Critical Care
  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology

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  • Cite this

    Huang, F., Kao, C. Y., Thai, P., Wachi, S., Kim, C., Lee, Y., Hung, L. Y., Harper, R. W., Mann-Jong Chang, M., & Wu, R. (2008). Regulation of mucosal immunity by airway epithelium: The interleukin-17A paradigm. Journal of Organ Dysfunction, 4(2), 93-98. https://doi.org/10.1080/17471060701226175