Regulation of mineral and trace elements in human milk: Exogenous and endogenous factors

B. Lonnerdal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Breast-fed infants are dependent on an adequate supply of minerals and trace elements for normal growth and development. For most of these elements, the mammary gland appears to have developed mechanisms to regulate their concentrations, even when the maternal diet varies considerably or maternal conditions are affected by different challenges. For some elements, however, there appears to be little or no such regulation. Increased knowledge about these mechanisms, or their absence, and to what extent they may compensate for adverse maternal conditions, including poor nutrition, will help identify infants and women at risk for deficiencies of these nutrients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-229
Number of pages7
JournalNutrition Reviews
Volume58
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

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