A knowlege of the anatomy and physiology of the mesenteric circulation is essential if one wants to evaluate the clinical problems of mesenteric ischemia, which can present as various clinical syndromes. The main types are occlusive and nonocclusive hemorrhagic bowel necrosis. Many cases of nonocclusive bowel ischemia are associated with digitalis toxicity, congestive heart failure and cardiac arrythmia. In this paper, the anatomy, blood flow and distribution of mesenteric vessels have been briefly described. The effect of some gastrointestinal hormones and various drugs on the mesenteric circulation have been briefly discussed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||American Journal of Proctology Gastroenterology and Colon and Rectal Surgery|
|State||Published - 1983|
ASJC Scopus subject areas