Regulation of cellular responses was studied during the course of chronic murine disseminated paracoccidioidomycosis. Regulation of peripheral blood lymphocyte (PBL) proliferative responses to concanavalin A (Con A) was studied in vitro by mixing PBL from infected and noninfected mice. PBL from mice infected for 18 weeks had depressed responses to Con A and they depressed the Con A responses of PBL from noninfected mice by 95% when they were mixed in a 1:1 ratio. After treatment of PBL from infected mice with anti-Lyt-2.2 antibody plus complement, the responses to Con A were increased to normal values. The percentage of T-cell subpopulations in PBL from infected mice did not differ significantly from those of normal mice. Immunoregulation of delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) responses to antigen by serum from infected animals was studied in mice 1 week after intranasal (i.n.) infection, a time when DTH responses were maximal. DTH responses to antigen 7 days after i.n. infection (107 CFU Paracoccidioides brasiliensis) were significantly reduced when 0.5 ml of immune mouse serum (ELISA antibody titer to P. brasiliensis antigens 1:10,240) was given i.v. 1 day before infection (P < 0.01) or 1 day before skin testing (P < 0.001). Normal mouse serum did not have this effect. The results indicate that progression of chronic disseminated paracoccidioidomycosis was associated with the development of T-cell suppressor activity for Con A responses of PBL, and that DTH responses to antigen were depressed by the administration of serum with specific high titer antibodies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology