Regulation of fatty acid synthesis in lactating rat mammary gland in the fed to starved transition: Asynchronous control of pyruvate dehydrogenase, phosphofructokinase and acetyl-CoA carboxylase

Kevork Hagopian, Jamal Butt, Michael R. Munday

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1. 1. Withdrawal of food from lactating rats produced a rapid and dramatic decrease in the uptake of glucose by the mammary gland and an inhibition of the rate of fatty acid synthesis that could not be explained alone by decreased substrate supply to the tissue. 2. 2. Within the first 6 hr starvation, fatty acid synthesis and pyruvate dehydrogenase activity were inhibited by 87 and 80% respectively, but acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity did not change significantly. 3. 3. Between 6 and 24hr starvation, total and expressed activities of acetyl-CoA carboxylase decreased by 62 and 55%, respectively. 4. 4. The ratio of fructose-6-phosphate/fructose-1,6-bisphosphate concentration in mammary tissue increased 9-fold during the first 6 hr starvation, indicating an inhibition of 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase. However, the major inhibition of this enzyme occurred between 6 and 24 hr starvation when this metabolite ratio increased a further 160-fold in parallel with increased tissue citrate concentration. 5. 5. The increase in citrate concentration between 6 and 24 hr starvation correlated with acetyl-CoA carboxylase inactivation and ketone body accumulation in the mammary gland. 6. 6. This study confirms the asynchronous control of three important regulatory steps in the pathway of glucose utilization and fatty acid synthesis in the lactating rat mammary gland.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)527-534
Number of pages8
JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology -- Part B: Biochemistry and
Volume100
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991
Externally publishedYes

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Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase
Phosphofructokinases
Human Mammary Glands
Starvation
Pyruvic Acid
Rats
Oxidoreductases
Fatty Acids
Tissue
Citric Acid
Phosphofructokinase-1
Glucose
Ketone Bodies
Metabolites
Substrates
Enzymes
Breast
Food

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "Regulation of fatty acid synthesis in lactating rat mammary gland in the fed to starved transition: Asynchronous control of pyruvate dehydrogenase, phosphofructokinase and acetyl-CoA carboxylase",
abstract = "1. 1. Withdrawal of food from lactating rats produced a rapid and dramatic decrease in the uptake of glucose by the mammary gland and an inhibition of the rate of fatty acid synthesis that could not be explained alone by decreased substrate supply to the tissue. 2. 2. Within the first 6 hr starvation, fatty acid synthesis and pyruvate dehydrogenase activity were inhibited by 87 and 80{\%} respectively, but acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity did not change significantly. 3. 3. Between 6 and 24hr starvation, total and expressed activities of acetyl-CoA carboxylase decreased by 62 and 55{\%}, respectively. 4. 4. The ratio of fructose-6-phosphate/fructose-1,6-bisphosphate concentration in mammary tissue increased 9-fold during the first 6 hr starvation, indicating an inhibition of 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase. However, the major inhibition of this enzyme occurred between 6 and 24 hr starvation when this metabolite ratio increased a further 160-fold in parallel with increased tissue citrate concentration. 5. 5. The increase in citrate concentration between 6 and 24 hr starvation correlated with acetyl-CoA carboxylase inactivation and ketone body accumulation in the mammary gland. 6. 6. This study confirms the asynchronous control of three important regulatory steps in the pathway of glucose utilization and fatty acid synthesis in the lactating rat mammary gland.",
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AU - Munday, Michael R.

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N2 - 1. 1. Withdrawal of food from lactating rats produced a rapid and dramatic decrease in the uptake of glucose by the mammary gland and an inhibition of the rate of fatty acid synthesis that could not be explained alone by decreased substrate supply to the tissue. 2. 2. Within the first 6 hr starvation, fatty acid synthesis and pyruvate dehydrogenase activity were inhibited by 87 and 80% respectively, but acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity did not change significantly. 3. 3. Between 6 and 24hr starvation, total and expressed activities of acetyl-CoA carboxylase decreased by 62 and 55%, respectively. 4. 4. The ratio of fructose-6-phosphate/fructose-1,6-bisphosphate concentration in mammary tissue increased 9-fold during the first 6 hr starvation, indicating an inhibition of 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase. However, the major inhibition of this enzyme occurred between 6 and 24 hr starvation when this metabolite ratio increased a further 160-fold in parallel with increased tissue citrate concentration. 5. 5. The increase in citrate concentration between 6 and 24 hr starvation correlated with acetyl-CoA carboxylase inactivation and ketone body accumulation in the mammary gland. 6. 6. This study confirms the asynchronous control of three important regulatory steps in the pathway of glucose utilization and fatty acid synthesis in the lactating rat mammary gland.

AB - 1. 1. Withdrawal of food from lactating rats produced a rapid and dramatic decrease in the uptake of glucose by the mammary gland and an inhibition of the rate of fatty acid synthesis that could not be explained alone by decreased substrate supply to the tissue. 2. 2. Within the first 6 hr starvation, fatty acid synthesis and pyruvate dehydrogenase activity were inhibited by 87 and 80% respectively, but acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity did not change significantly. 3. 3. Between 6 and 24hr starvation, total and expressed activities of acetyl-CoA carboxylase decreased by 62 and 55%, respectively. 4. 4. The ratio of fructose-6-phosphate/fructose-1,6-bisphosphate concentration in mammary tissue increased 9-fold during the first 6 hr starvation, indicating an inhibition of 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase. However, the major inhibition of this enzyme occurred between 6 and 24 hr starvation when this metabolite ratio increased a further 160-fold in parallel with increased tissue citrate concentration. 5. 5. The increase in citrate concentration between 6 and 24 hr starvation correlated with acetyl-CoA carboxylase inactivation and ketone body accumulation in the mammary gland. 6. 6. This study confirms the asynchronous control of three important regulatory steps in the pathway of glucose utilization and fatty acid synthesis in the lactating rat mammary gland.

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