Hamster tracheal epithelial (HTE) cells maintained in primary culture show the induction of specific keratin species under vitamin A-deficient conditions. A comparison was made between the morphology and the expression of keratins in HTE cells in vivo and in primary culture with and without vitamin A, HTE cells cultured in serum-free, vitamin A-supplemented medium formed a simple cuboidal, ciliated monolayer and produced four simple epithelial keratins (7,8,18, and 19). In contrast, vitamin A-deficient HTE cells, which were squamous-like and stratified in culture, produced a more complex keratin pattern, with the induction of four additional keratin species (5, 6, 14, and 17). A keratin pair whose expression serves as a marker of stratified epithelia was induced, as well as a single keratin species unique to lesions of squamous metaplasia in vitamin A-deficient hamster tracheal organ cultures. Thus it appears that HTE cells retain the ability to respond to a deficiency in vitamin A through squamous differentiation and increased keratin production when removed from the intact organ and maintained in primary culture in a chemically defined medium. This system may be useful for the study of mechanisms underlying the squamous differentiation of respiratory epithelial cells in the development of bronchogenic tumors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Cellular Physiology|
|State||Published - Jan 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology