Reduction of the surface-tension-lowering ability of surfactant after exposure to hypochlorous acid

T. A. Merritt, J. D. Amirkhanian, H. Helbock, B. Halliwell, Carroll E Cross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

The reactive species hypochlorous acid (HOCl/OCl-)) is a major product of the respiratory burst in activated neutrophils. We studied the effects of HOCl/OCl- on human surfactant and upon surfactants Survanta, KL4 and Exosurf, utilizing a pulsating surfactometer for measuring surface tension. HOCl/OCl- induced a marked dose-dependent decrease in the surface-tension-lowering activity of human surfactant. The surfactant containing surfactant proteins B and C (Survanta) was less sensitive; however, synthetic surfactants with or without peptides were not affected by HOCl/OCl- (KL4, Exosurf). Ascorbic acid and GSH protected human surfactant against inactivation by HOCl/OCl-. We suggest that HOCl/OCl- produced by activated phagocytes in the alveolar compartment of the lung could damage endogenous surfactant and affect the function of exogenously administered natural or other surfactants, especially if ascorbic acid and GSH levels in the lung lining fluids are subnormal, as is known to be the case in some inflammatory lung diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-22
Number of pages4
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume295
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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    Merritt, T. A., Amirkhanian, J. D., Helbock, H., Halliwell, B., & Cross, C. E. (1993). Reduction of the surface-tension-lowering ability of surfactant after exposure to hypochlorous acid. Biochemical Journal, 295(1), 19-22.