Reducing Prejudice With Labels: Shared Group Memberships Attenuate Implicit Bias and Expand Implicit Group Boundaries

W. Anthony Scroggins, Diane M. Mackie, Thomas J. Allen, Jeffrey Sherman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

In three experiments, we used a novel Implicit Association Test procedure to investigate the impact of group memberships on implicit bias and implicit group boundaries. Results from Experiment 1 indicated that categorizing targets using a shared category reduced implicit bias by increasing the extent to which positivity was associated with Blacks. Results from Experiment 2 revealed that shared group membership, but not mere positivity of a group membership, was necessary to reduce implicit bias. Quadruple process model analyses indicated that changes in implicit bias caused by shared group membership are due to changes in the way that targets are evaluated, not to changes in the regulation of evaluative bias. Results from Experiment 3 showed that categorizing Black targets into shared group memberships expanded implicit group boundaries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-229
Number of pages11
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • implicit bias
  • intergroup processes
  • intervention
  • shared group memberships

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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