Reduced Na-K-Cl cotransport in vascular smooth muscle cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats

Martha E O'Donnell, N. E. Owen

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Abstract

We have previously demonstrated the presence of a prominent, cyclic nucleotide-sensitive Na-K-Cl cotransport in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Others have observed that Na-K-Cl cotransport levels are reduced in erythrocytes of patients with essential hypertension and have proposed that a defect in this Na transport may play a role in the pathogenesis of the disease. However, such a defect has not been demonstrated in the putative target tissue for essential hypertension, i.e., the VSMC. In the present study, we compared Na-K-Cl cotransport of VSMC from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with Na-K-Cl cotransport of VSMC from normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). We found that Na-K-Cl cotransport of SHR VSMC is significantly reduced relative to that of WKY VSMC (3.09 vs. 4.39 μmol K·g protein-1·min-1). The apparent ion affinities for Na-K-Cl cotransport of SHR VSMC did not differ from those determined for WKY VSMC. Furthermore, cyclic nucleotide regulation of cotransport also appeared to be the same for the two types of VSMC. In contrast, maximal saturable binding of [3H]bumetanide observed in SHR VSMC was markedly reduced compared with that of WKY VSMC, but the K(d) values were similar. Our data suggest that the reduction in cotransport observed in SHR VSMC is the result of a decrease in the number of available cotransport sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume255
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Physiology

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