Reduced-Intensity Conditioning Regimens, Prior Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, and Graft-Versus-Host Disease Are Associated with Higher Rates of Skin Cancer after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

Peggy Wu, Robert S. Stern, Victor Huang, Kevin X. Liu, Chen (Amy) Chen, Dimitrios Tzachanis, Robin M. Joyce, Roger B. Davis, Vincent T. Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

To assess incidence and risk factors for skin cancer associated with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, we evaluated 1,974 adult allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation patients from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute who received transplants between January 1995 and July 2013 for hematologic malignancy and survived at least 100 days. Median age was 51.1 years, and median follow-up time was 3 years. Overall, 119 patients had 221 skin cancers. The incidences of squamous cell carcinomas (incidence rate ratio = 9.8; 95% confidence interval = 7.7–12.3), basal cell carcinomas (incidence rate ratio = 2.5; 95% confidence interval = 1.9–3.2), and melanoma (standardized incidence ratio = 3.3; 95% confidence interval = 1.7–5.9) were elevated in our cohort. In multivariable models, risk factors for squamous cell carcinomas were increased age (P < 0.0001), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (P = 0.02), and chronic graft-versus-host disease (P = 0.0002). Risk factors for basal cell carcinomas were chronic lymphocytic leukemia (P = 0.003), reduced-intensity conditioning (P = 0.02), acute graft-versus-host disease (P = 0.03), and chronic graft-versus-host disease (P = 0.003). To our knowledge, previously unreported risk factors in this contemporary cohort include prior CLL for squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma and reduced-intensity conditioning for basal cell carcinoma. This study also supports chronic graft-versus-host disease as a risk factor for nonmelanoma skin cancer, particularly squamous cell carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology
  • Cell Biology

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