Recycling, channeling and heterogeneous protein turnover estimation using a model of whole-body protein turnover based on leucine kinetics in rodents

Heidi A Rossow, R. L. Baldwin, J. France, C. C. Calvert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the companion paper, a whole-body, mechanistic model of protein turnover in a rodent was described and evaluated with independent data sets that used the flooding dose method. On the basis of fitted fluxes, the model was able to predict specific radioactivity changes in the protein and free leucine pools and whole-body protein fractional synthesis rate (FSR). In this paper, results of model simulations of specific radioactivity changes in the flooding dose, pulse dose and continuous infusion methods were compared and the influence of recycling, channeling and multiple protein pools on model behavior were analyzed. For all methods, the percentage of channeling must be estimated to determine whether the extracellular or intracellular pool specific radioactivities better approximate the aminoacyl tRNA pool specific radioactivity. Recycling also affects the specific radioactivity of the aminoacyl-tRNA pool and therefore must be estimated. An analysis of fits of the flooding dose data indicated that 100% channeling was occurring, but the percentage of recycling could not be determined. Multiple protein pools turning over at different rates overestimated FSR by 2-3% at early time points (5 min) and underestimated FSR by 3-6% at 60 min in the flooding dose method. For the pulse dose method, FSR was underestimated by 40-50% at 5 min and underestimated by 9-10% at 60 min. An increase in time to measure FSR caused a decrease in the estimate of FSR (18% over 3 h) for the flooding dose method and an increase in the estimate of FSR (144% over 3 h) for the pulse dose method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)740-750
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume129
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Channeling
  • Protein fractional synthesis rate
  • Protein turnover
  • Recycling
  • Rodents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

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