Recurrent pericardial effusion with feline infectious peritonitis in a cat

Su Yeon Baek, Jae Geum Jo, Kun Ho Song, Kyoung Won Seo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

A five-month-old, male Domestic Korean shorthair was referred to our hospital with a history of lethargy, anorexia, and globoid cardiac silhouette on thoracic radiography. Physical examination showed dehydration and anemia was revealed on blood analysis. On thoracic radiography and echocardiography, the patient showed pericardial effusion and ultrasound-guided pericardiocentesis was performed. A Rivalta test of the pericardial effusion showed a positive result. As the patient had recurrent pericardial effusion, pericardiectomy was performed. He was tentatively diagnosed with wet form feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) and treated with Polyprenyl immunostimulant (PI). Neurological signs were eventually seen and he was euthanized. Histopathologic changes with markedly expanded neutrophils, lymphocytes, plasma cells, and macrophages with fibrous connective tissue and collagenous fibers were detected. Immunohistochemistry for FIP antigen was performed and results showed FIPV-positive multifocal aggregates of cells. Pericardial effusion is an atypical condition in cats with FIP, but can be presented. This case report describes FIP with pericardial effusion in a cat, in which definitive diagnosis of FIP was done using biopsy via pericardiectomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)437-440
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Veterinary Clinics
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP)
  • Pericardial effusion
  • Pericardiectomy
  • Pericarditis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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