Recurrent deep foreign body granuloma in the tongue of an African grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus timneh)

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6 Scopus citations


An African grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus timneh) was examined because of a recurrent deep granuloma in the body of its tongue. Repeated diagnostic tests were performed during an 18-month clinical period, including hematologic testing and plasma biochemical analyses, histologic examination of multiple biopsy samples, and fungal and bacterial culture and sensitivity testing of biopsy samples. Radiographs, including a fistulogram, were nondiagnostic. Torulopsis candida and Enterococcus species were cultured from exudate obtained from the granuloma. Histopathologic examination of one biopsy sample revealed circumscribed calcinosis of the tongue. Surgical debridement of the lingual mass and exploratory surgery of the cervical area were performed, and the parrot was treated with several different antibiotics and antifungal drugs for prolonged periods. Nineteen months after the parrot was first examined, a seed hull was found in exudate removed from the granuloma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-109
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Circumscribed calcinosis
  • Foreign body
  • Granuloma
  • Parrot
  • Tongue
  • Torulopsis candida

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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