RecQ Helicase Stimulates Both DNA Catenation and Changes in DNA Topology by Topoisomerase III

Frank G. Harmon, Joel P. Brockman, Stephen C. Kowalczykowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

Together, RecQ helicase and topoisomerase III (Topo III) of Escherichia coli comprise a potent DNA strand passage activity that can catenate covalently closed DNA (Harmon, F. G., DiGate, R. J., and Kowalczykowski, S. C. (1999) Mol. Cell 3, 611-620). Here we directly assessed the structure of the catenated DNA species formed by RecQ helicase and Topo III using atomic force microscopy. The images show complex catenated DNA species involving crossovers between multiple double-stranded DNA molecules that are consistent with full catenanes. E. coli single-stranded DNA-binding protein significantly stimulated both the topoisomerase activity of Topo III alone and the DNA strand passage activity of RecQ helicase and Topo III. Titration data suggest that an intermediate of the RecQ helicase unwinding process, perhaps a RecQ helicase-DNA fork, is the target for Topo III action. Catenated DNA is the predominant product under conditions of molecular crowding; however, we also discovered that RecQ helicase and single-stranded DNA-binding protein greatly stimulated the intramolecular strand passage ("supercoiling") activity of Topo III, as revealed by changes in the linking number of uncatenated DNA. Together our results demonstrate that RecQ helicase and Topo III function together to comprise a potent and concerted single-strand DNA passage activity that can mediate both catenation-decatenation processes and changes in DNA topology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42668-42678
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number43
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 24 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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