Recommendations for intensive care unit and hospital preparations for an influenza epidemic or mass disaster: Summary report of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine's Task Force for intensive care unit triage during an influenza epidemic or mass disaster

Charles L. Sprung, Janice L. Zimmerman, Michael D. Christian, Gavin M. Joynt, John L. Hick, Bruce Taylor, Guy A. Richards, Christian E Sandrock, Robert Cohen, Bruria Adini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To provide recommendations and standard operating procedures for intensive care units and hospital preparedness for an influenza pandemic. Methods: Based on a literature review and expert opinion, a Delphi process was used to define the essential topics. Results: Key recommendations include: Hospitals should increase their ICU beds to the maximal extent by expanding ICU capacity and expanding ICUs into other areas. Hospitals should have appropriate beds and monitors for these expansion areas. Establish a management system with control groups at facility, local, regional and/or national levels to exercise authority over resources. Establish a system of communication, coordination and collaboration between the ICU and key interface departments. A plan to access, coordinate and increase labor resources is required with a central inventory of all clinical and non-clinical staff. Delegate duties not within the usual scope of workers' practice. Ensure that adequate essential medical equipment, pharmaceuticals and supplies are available. Protect patients and staff with infection control practices and supporting occupational health policies. Maintain staff confidence with reassurance plans for legal protection and assistance. Have objective, ethical, transparent triage criteria that are applied equitably and publically disclosed. ICU triage of patients should be based on the likelihood for patients to benefit most or a 'first come, first served' basis. Develop protocols for safe performance of high-risk procedures. Train and educate staff. Conclusions: Mortality, although inevitable during a severe influenza outbreak or disaster, can be reduced by adequate preparation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)428-443
Number of pages16
JournalIntensive Care Medicine
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

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Triage
Disasters
Advisory Committees
Critical Care
Human Influenza
Intensive Care Units
Medicine
Equipment and Supplies
Expert Testimony
Pandemics
Occupational Health
Infection Control
Health Policy
Disease Outbreaks
Communication
Exercise
Control Groups
Mortality
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • H1N1
  • Hospital
  • Influenza epidemic
  • Intensive care unit
  • Mass disaster
  • Pandemic
  • Recommendations
  • Triage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Recommendations for intensive care unit and hospital preparations for an influenza epidemic or mass disaster : Summary report of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine's Task Force for intensive care unit triage during an influenza epidemic or mass disaster. / Sprung, Charles L.; Zimmerman, Janice L.; Christian, Michael D.; Joynt, Gavin M.; Hick, John L.; Taylor, Bruce; Richards, Guy A.; Sandrock, Christian E; Cohen, Robert; Adini, Bruria.

In: Intensive Care Medicine, Vol. 36, No. 3, 03.2010, p. 428-443.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sprung, Charles L. ; Zimmerman, Janice L. ; Christian, Michael D. ; Joynt, Gavin M. ; Hick, John L. ; Taylor, Bruce ; Richards, Guy A. ; Sandrock, Christian E ; Cohen, Robert ; Adini, Bruria. / Recommendations for intensive care unit and hospital preparations for an influenza epidemic or mass disaster : Summary report of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine's Task Force for intensive care unit triage during an influenza epidemic or mass disaster. In: Intensive Care Medicine. 2010 ; Vol. 36, No. 3. pp. 428-443.
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