Recognizing pain and distress in laboratory animals

Earl Carstens, Gary P. Moberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Citations (Scopus)
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-71
Number of pages10
JournalILAR Journal
Volume41
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2000

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Laboratory Animal Science
Animal Welfare
Animal Behavior
Laboratory Animals
distress
Psychological Stress
animal behavior
animal welfare
laboratory animals
pain
Pain
animals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Carstens, E., & Moberg, G. P. (2000). Recognizing pain and distress in laboratory animals. ILAR Journal, 41(2), 62-71.

Recognizing pain and distress in laboratory animals. / Carstens, Earl; Moberg, Gary P.

In: ILAR Journal, Vol. 41, No. 2, 2000, p. 62-71.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Carstens, E & Moberg, GP 2000, 'Recognizing pain and distress in laboratory animals', ILAR Journal, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 62-71.
Carstens E, Moberg GP. Recognizing pain and distress in laboratory animals. ILAR Journal. 2000;41(2):62-71.
Carstens, Earl ; Moberg, Gary P. / Recognizing pain and distress in laboratory animals. In: ILAR Journal. 2000 ; Vol. 41, No. 2. pp. 62-71.
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