Recognizing pain and distress in laboratory animals

Earl Carstens, Gary P. Moberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

92 Scopus citations
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-71
Number of pages10
JournalILAR Journal
Volume41
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Carstens, E., & Moberg, G. P. (2000). Recognizing pain and distress in laboratory animals. ILAR Journal, 41(2), 62-71.