Reactive plasticity in the dentate gyrus following bilateral entorhinal cortex lesions in cynomolgus monkeys

Jul Lea Shamy, Cindy A. Buckmaster, David G Amaral, Michael E. Calhoun, Peter R. Rapp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hippocampal structural plasticity induced by entorhinal cortex (EC) lesions has been studied extensively in the rat, but little comparable research has been conducted in primates. In the current study we assessed the long-term effects of bilateral aspiration lesions of the EC on multiple markers of circuit organization in the hippocampal dentate gyrus of young adult monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). Alternate histological sections were processed for the visualization of somatostatin and vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT) immunoreactivity and acetylcholinesterase histochemistry (AChE). The markers revealed the distinct laminar organization of dentate gyrus circuitry for stereology-based morphometric quantification. Consistent with findings in rats, the volume of the somatostatin-immunopositive outer molecular layer (OML), innervated by projections from the EC, was decreased by 42% relative to control values. The inner molecular layer (IML) displayed a corresponding volumetric expansion in response to denervation of the OML as measured by AChE staining, but not when visualized for quantification by VAChT immunoreactivity. Nonetheless, stereological estimation revealed a 36% increase in the total length of VAChT-positive cholinergic fibers in the IML after EC damage, along with no change in the OML. Together, these findings suggest that despite substantial species differences in the organization of hippocampal circuitry, the capacity for reactive plasticity following EC damage, previously documented in rats, is at least partly conserved in the primate dentate gyrus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)192-201
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Comparative Neurology
Volume502
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2007

Keywords

  • Dentate gyrus
  • Entorhinal cortex
  • Medial temporal lobe
  • Molecular layer
  • Neuroplasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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