Re-evaluation of the whey protein/casein ratio of human milk

C. Kunz, B. Lonnerdal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

109 Scopus citations


Total casein subunits as well as whey proteins were quantitated in human milk samples during lactation. Two independent methods were used: precipitation at pH 4.3 in the presence of Ca2+ followed by Kjeldahl analysis and polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis (PAGGE) followed by densitometric scanning. Both methods yielded similar results: casein synthesis is low or absent in early lactation, then increases rapidly and subsequently decreases. The concentration of whey proteins decreases from early lactation and continues to fall. These changes result in a whey protein/casein ratio of about 90:10 in early lactation, 60:40 in mature milk and 50:50 in late lactation. These observations indicate that the synthesis and/or secretion of caseins and whey proteins is regulated by different mechanisms. In addition, the relative proportion of the different β- and κ-casein subunits was found to vary throughout lactation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-112
Number of pages6
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1992


  • β-casein
  • κ-casein
  • casein
  • human milk
  • whey
  • whey proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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