Rap1gap2 regulates axon outgrowth in olfactory sensory neurons

Benjamin Sadrian, Ting Wen Cheng, Olivia Shull, Qizhi Gong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) extend their axons from the nasal epithelium to their odorant receptor-dependent locations in the olfactory bulb. Previous studies have identified several membrane proteins along the projection pathway, and on OSN axons themselves, which regulate this process; however, little is known about the signaling mechanisms through which these factors act. We have identified and characterized Rap1gap2, a novel small GTPase regulator, in OSNs during early postnatal mouse development. Rap1gap2 overexpression limits neurite outgrowth and branching in Neuro-2a cells, and counteracts Rap1-induced augmentation of neurite outgrowth. Rap1gap2 expression is developmentally regulated within OSNs, with high expression in early postnatal stages that ultimately drops to undetectable levels by adulthood. This temporal pattern coincides with an early postnatal plastic period of OSN innervation refinement at the OB glomerular layer. Rap1gap2 stunts OSN axon outgrowth when overexpressed in vitro, while knock-down of Rap1gap2 transcript results in a significant increase in axon length. These results indicate an important role of Rap1gap2 in OSN axon growth dynamics during early postnatal development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-282
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular and Cellular Neuroscience
Volume50
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

Keywords

  • Axon guidance
  • Axon outgrowth
  • OSN
  • Rap small GTPase
  • RapGAP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology

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