Randomized trial of oxygen saturation targets during and after resuscitation and reversal of ductal flow in an ovine model of meconium aspiration and pulmonary hypertension

Amy L. Lesneski, Payam Vali, Morgan E. Hardie, Satyan Lakshminrusimha, Deepika Sankaran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Neonatal resuscitation (NRP) guidelines suggest targeting 85–95% preductal SpO2 by 10 min after birth. Optimal oxygen saturation (SpO2) targets during resuscitation and in the post-resuscitation management of neonatal meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) with persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN) remains uncertain. Our objective was to compare the time to reversal of ductal flow from fetal pattern (right-to-left), to left-to-right, and to evaluate pulmonary (QPA), carotid (QCA)and ductal (QDA) blood flows between standard (85–94%) and high (95–99%) SpO2 targets during and after resuscitation. Twelve lambs asphyxiated by endotracheal meconium instillation and cord occlusion to induce MAS and PPHN were resuscitated per NRP guidelines and were randomized to either standard (85–94%) or high (95–99%) SpO2 targets. Out of twelve lambs with MAS and PPHN, six each were randomized to standard and high SpO2 targets. Median [interquartile range] time to change in direction of blood flow across the ductus arteriosus from right-to-left, to left-to-right was significantly shorter with high SpO2 target (7.4 (4.4–10.8) min) compared to standard SpO2 target (31.5 (21–66.2) min, p = 0.03). QPA was significantly higher during the first 10 min after birth with higher SpO2 target. At 60 min after birth, the QPA, QCA and QDA were not different between the groups. To conclude, targeting SpO2 of 95–99% during and after resuscitation may hasten reversal of ductal flow in lambs with MAS and PPHN and transiently increase QPA but no differences were observed at 60 min. Clinical studies c.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number594
JournalChildren
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Asphyxia
  • Ductus arteriosus
  • Meconium aspiration
  • Neonatal resuscitation
  • Oxygen saturation targets
  • Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn
  • Post-resuscitation
  • Pulmonary blood flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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