PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between mandibular asymmetry and disorders of the temporomandibular joint. METHODS: We used advanced imaging of the temporomandibular joint to distinguish different causes of mandibular asymmetry. MR imaging and arthrography were applied to the temporomandibular joints of 11 patients presenting with mandibular asymmetry. RESULTS: Condyle hyperplasia was identified as the cause of the asymmetry in 5 patients. In the other 6 patients the mandibular condyle was normal on the long side, but the short side of the face demonstrated a small condyle head, short condyle neck associated with disk displacement, internal derangement, and degenerative joint disease of the temporomandibular joint. CONCLUSIONS: These observations suggest that both condyle hyperplasia on the long side of the mandible and disk displacement and degenerative joint disease of the temporomandibular joint on the short side can cause mandibular asymmetry. It was concluded that MR imaging or arthrography can be valuable for understanding the cause of mandibular asymmetry and be effective in treatment planning.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||American Journal of Neuroradiology|
|State||Published - 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology