Racial disparities in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) outcomes

Yeabsra Kefyalew Aleligne, Duke Appiah, Imo A. Ebong

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has exposed preexisting racial disparities in the healthcare system. This review discusses racial-ethnic differences in COVID-19 related outcomes with an emphasis on the social determinants of health that are responsible for these disparities. RECENT FINDINGS: Higher hospitalizations and deaths have been reported amongst minority individuals after a COVID-19 infection. Cardiovascular disease and its risk factors are also more common in minority populations and negatively impact clinical outcomes after a COVID-19 illness. The racial disparities seen after COVID-19 infections appear to be driven by multiple preexisting comorbidities, adverse socioeconomic conditions, and lack of access to healthcare. These disadvantages were present before the COVID-19 pandemic. To effectively reduce disparities in outcomes of COVID-19 and the impact of the virus on minority communities, a multifaceted approach will be needed. SUMMARY: Government-backed policies that foster health equity and promote easily accessible testing and fair distribution of COVID-19 therapies and vaccines are necessary to successfully combat racial disparities in COVID-19 outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)360-366
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Cardiology
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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