Racial differences in survival of oral and pharyngeal cancer patients in North Carolina

Daniel J. Caplan, Irva Hertz-Picciotto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This study seeks to determine whether lower survival of black versus white oral and pharyngeal cancer patients is due to, or differs by, stage at diagnosis. Methods: Subjects identified through the North Carolina Central Cancer Registry included all black and white North Carolina residents diagnosed from 1987 to 1990 with malignant squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity or pharynx. Proportional hazards regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios for all-cause mortality during the first 18 months after diagnosis, adjusting for age, reported histologic grade, site, and several time-dependent interactions. Results: Within the first two months after diagnosis, the black/white hazard ratio for mortality among those with localized disease was 11.8 (95% Cl=3.7, 37.5), compared to 6.4 (95% Cl=2.6, 15.8) for those with advanced disease. During months 3 to 18 after diagnosis, black/white hazard ratios were 2.07 (95% Cl=1.03, 4.18) among those with localized disease and 1.12 (95% Cl=0.85, 1.47) for those with advanced disease. Conclusions: In the first 18 months after diagnosis, blacks with oral and pharyngeal cancer have higher all-cause mortality than whites diagnosed at the same stage of disease. Racial differences are greater among those with localized disease than for those with more advanced conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-43
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Public Health Dentistry
Volume58
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Blacks
  • Epidemiology
  • Mouth neoplasms
  • North Carolina
  • Race
  • Survival
  • Tobacco
  • Whites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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