Race surface model development in a musculoskeletal modelling environment

Jennifer E. Symons, David P Fyhrie, David A. Hawkins, Shrinivasa K. Upadhyaya, Susan M Stover

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Musculoskeletal injury is the leading cause of racehorse attrition and fatalities. Many factors have been implicated in racehorse musculoskeletal injury, including race surface. Race surface material has been shown to affect ground reaction forces applied to the hoof, limb kinematics, surface dynamic mechanical behavior, and incidence of injury. The optimal interaction of the racehorse hoof with the race surface during locomotion is unknown. Further, the effect of surface on limb biomechanics has only been examined by installing a surface and observing horses during gallop across the surface. Installation of new surfaces is financially costly, results in lost training time, and does not allow a thorough evaluation of possible mechanisms of injury associated with surface/hoof interactions. A computational equine limb-surface simulation model is needed to examine racehorse limb biomechanics on virtual surfaces, and further to consider the possible musculoskeletal consequences of a surface, prior to installation. A racetrack surface model was developed for use in musculoskeletal modelling and simulation applications. Surface parameters were determined by fitting empirical force, displacement, and velocity data collected during vertical and angled dynamic soil tests using a track-testing device. Simulations of the dynamic soil tests on the surface closely reproduced measured load and displacement data. In the future, this surface model may be incorporated in racehorse limb simulations of gallop using virtual surface parameters to predict the optimal surface mechanical properties for musculoskeletal health during racing and training.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProcedia Engineering
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages913-918
Number of pages6
Volume72
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Event2014 10th Conference of the International Sports Engineering Association, ISEA 2014 - Sheffield, United Kingdom
Duration: Jul 14 2014Jul 17 2014

Other

Other2014 10th Conference of the International Sports Engineering Association, ISEA 2014
CountryUnited Kingdom
CitySheffield
Period7/14/147/17/14

Fingerprint

Biomechanics
Soils
Kinematics
Health
Mechanical properties
Testing

Keywords

  • Horse
  • Musculoskeletal modelling
  • Racehorse
  • Racetrack surface

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Symons, J. E., Fyhrie, D. P., Hawkins, D. A., Upadhyaya, S. K., & Stover, S. M. (2014). Race surface model development in a musculoskeletal modelling environment. In Procedia Engineering (Vol. 72, pp. 913-918). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.06.155

Race surface model development in a musculoskeletal modelling environment. / Symons, Jennifer E.; Fyhrie, David P; Hawkins, David A.; Upadhyaya, Shrinivasa K.; Stover, Susan M.

Procedia Engineering. Vol. 72 Elsevier Ltd, 2014. p. 913-918.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Symons, JE, Fyhrie, DP, Hawkins, DA, Upadhyaya, SK & Stover, SM 2014, Race surface model development in a musculoskeletal modelling environment. in Procedia Engineering. vol. 72, Elsevier Ltd, pp. 913-918, 2014 10th Conference of the International Sports Engineering Association, ISEA 2014, Sheffield, United Kingdom, 7/14/14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.06.155
Symons JE, Fyhrie DP, Hawkins DA, Upadhyaya SK, Stover SM. Race surface model development in a musculoskeletal modelling environment. In Procedia Engineering. Vol. 72. Elsevier Ltd. 2014. p. 913-918 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.06.155
Symons, Jennifer E. ; Fyhrie, David P ; Hawkins, David A. ; Upadhyaya, Shrinivasa K. ; Stover, Susan M. / Race surface model development in a musculoskeletal modelling environment. Procedia Engineering. Vol. 72 Elsevier Ltd, 2014. pp. 913-918
@inproceedings{5ab75c28524a4c858810931a2d898b3b,
title = "Race surface model development in a musculoskeletal modelling environment",
abstract = "Musculoskeletal injury is the leading cause of racehorse attrition and fatalities. Many factors have been implicated in racehorse musculoskeletal injury, including race surface. Race surface material has been shown to affect ground reaction forces applied to the hoof, limb kinematics, surface dynamic mechanical behavior, and incidence of injury. The optimal interaction of the racehorse hoof with the race surface during locomotion is unknown. Further, the effect of surface on limb biomechanics has only been examined by installing a surface and observing horses during gallop across the surface. Installation of new surfaces is financially costly, results in lost training time, and does not allow a thorough evaluation of possible mechanisms of injury associated with surface/hoof interactions. A computational equine limb-surface simulation model is needed to examine racehorse limb biomechanics on virtual surfaces, and further to consider the possible musculoskeletal consequences of a surface, prior to installation. A racetrack surface model was developed for use in musculoskeletal modelling and simulation applications. Surface parameters were determined by fitting empirical force, displacement, and velocity data collected during vertical and angled dynamic soil tests using a track-testing device. Simulations of the dynamic soil tests on the surface closely reproduced measured load and displacement data. In the future, this surface model may be incorporated in racehorse limb simulations of gallop using virtual surface parameters to predict the optimal surface mechanical properties for musculoskeletal health during racing and training.",
keywords = "Horse, Musculoskeletal modelling, Racehorse, Racetrack surface",
author = "Symons, {Jennifer E.} and Fyhrie, {David P} and Hawkins, {David A.} and Upadhyaya, {Shrinivasa K.} and Stover, {Susan M}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.proeng.2014.06.155",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "72",
pages = "913--918",
booktitle = "Procedia Engineering",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Race surface model development in a musculoskeletal modelling environment

AU - Symons, Jennifer E.

AU - Fyhrie, David P

AU - Hawkins, David A.

AU - Upadhyaya, Shrinivasa K.

AU - Stover, Susan M

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Musculoskeletal injury is the leading cause of racehorse attrition and fatalities. Many factors have been implicated in racehorse musculoskeletal injury, including race surface. Race surface material has been shown to affect ground reaction forces applied to the hoof, limb kinematics, surface dynamic mechanical behavior, and incidence of injury. The optimal interaction of the racehorse hoof with the race surface during locomotion is unknown. Further, the effect of surface on limb biomechanics has only been examined by installing a surface and observing horses during gallop across the surface. Installation of new surfaces is financially costly, results in lost training time, and does not allow a thorough evaluation of possible mechanisms of injury associated with surface/hoof interactions. A computational equine limb-surface simulation model is needed to examine racehorse limb biomechanics on virtual surfaces, and further to consider the possible musculoskeletal consequences of a surface, prior to installation. A racetrack surface model was developed for use in musculoskeletal modelling and simulation applications. Surface parameters were determined by fitting empirical force, displacement, and velocity data collected during vertical and angled dynamic soil tests using a track-testing device. Simulations of the dynamic soil tests on the surface closely reproduced measured load and displacement data. In the future, this surface model may be incorporated in racehorse limb simulations of gallop using virtual surface parameters to predict the optimal surface mechanical properties for musculoskeletal health during racing and training.

AB - Musculoskeletal injury is the leading cause of racehorse attrition and fatalities. Many factors have been implicated in racehorse musculoskeletal injury, including race surface. Race surface material has been shown to affect ground reaction forces applied to the hoof, limb kinematics, surface dynamic mechanical behavior, and incidence of injury. The optimal interaction of the racehorse hoof with the race surface during locomotion is unknown. Further, the effect of surface on limb biomechanics has only been examined by installing a surface and observing horses during gallop across the surface. Installation of new surfaces is financially costly, results in lost training time, and does not allow a thorough evaluation of possible mechanisms of injury associated with surface/hoof interactions. A computational equine limb-surface simulation model is needed to examine racehorse limb biomechanics on virtual surfaces, and further to consider the possible musculoskeletal consequences of a surface, prior to installation. A racetrack surface model was developed for use in musculoskeletal modelling and simulation applications. Surface parameters were determined by fitting empirical force, displacement, and velocity data collected during vertical and angled dynamic soil tests using a track-testing device. Simulations of the dynamic soil tests on the surface closely reproduced measured load and displacement data. In the future, this surface model may be incorporated in racehorse limb simulations of gallop using virtual surface parameters to predict the optimal surface mechanical properties for musculoskeletal health during racing and training.

KW - Horse

KW - Musculoskeletal modelling

KW - Racehorse

KW - Racetrack surface

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84903757866&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84903757866&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.06.155

DO - 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.06.155

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84903757866

VL - 72

SP - 913

EP - 918

BT - Procedia Engineering

PB - Elsevier Ltd

ER -