Rabies vaccine virus infection in three dogs.

N. C. Pedersen, R. W. Emmons, R. Selcer, J. D. Woodie, T. A. Holliday, M. Weiss

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Abstract

Ascending paralysis developed in 3 dogs, 12 to 14 days following inoculation with a modified live virus, chicken embryo origin, low egg passage, Flury strain rabies vaccine. The paralysis began in the inoculated limb but rapidly involved both hindlimbs. Partial paresis of the forelimbs was seen several days following the hindlimb paralysis in all 3 dogs, and in 1 of these dogs the infection ascended rapidly to the brain as well. Two of the dogs recovered within 1 and 2 months, respectively, but the 3rd dog died within 5 days of the onset of paralytic signs. The fatal case was complicated by naturally acquired coincidental distemper. Serologic studies in 2 dogs and virus isolation from the 3rd dog indicated that rabies virus was the cause of the paralysis in 2 of the dogs and contributed to the disease syndrome in the 3rd dog. Virus could not be isolated from the saliva of CSF of the 2 surviving dogs. The virus isolated in the fatal case appeared to have some of the characteristics of the vaccine virus, as determined by its behavior in mice, cell culture, and embryonating chicken eggs and by its failure to produce Negri bodies in the brain of the infected dog.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1092-1096
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume172
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 1 1978

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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Pedersen, N. C., Emmons, R. W., Selcer, R., Woodie, J. D., Holliday, T. A., & Weiss, M. (1978). Rabies vaccine virus infection in three dogs. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 172(9), 1092-1096.