Rabies in horses

21 cases (1970-1990).

S. L. Green, L. L. Smith, William Vernau, S. M. Beacock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The records of 21 horses with rabies were reviewed. Results of fluorescent antibody testing for rabies antigen in brain tissue were positive in each case. According to the histories, 5 of the horses had been vaccinated for rabies between 4 to 24 months prior to the onset of the clinical signs. Bite wounds were not observed on any of the horses, and exposure to a suspected rabid animal was witnessed in only 5 cases. Clinical signs of disease at the time of initial examination included ataxia and paresis of the hindquarters (9/21, 43%), lameness (5/21, 24%), recumbency (3/21, 14%), pharyngeal paralysis (2/21, 10%), and colic (2/21, 10%). The major clinical signs observed over the course of hospitalization included recumbency (21/21; 100%), hyperesthesia (17/21; 81%), loss of tail and anal sphincter tone (12/21; 57%), fever (11/21; 52%), and ataxia and paresis of the hindquarters (11/21; 52%). Mean survival time after the onset of clinical signs was 4.47 days (range, 1 to 7 days). Supportive treatment, given to 9 horses, had no effect on survival time and did not correlate with the detection of negri bodies at necropsy. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was obtained from 6 horses and was determined to be abnormal in 5. The most common abnormality was a slightly high total cell count (5/6), with a predominance of lymphocytes (4/6). The CSF total protein concentration was high in only 2 horses. At necropsy, there was gross evidence of diffuse brain edema, meningeal congestion, and focal areas of hemorrhage in 5 horses (24%).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1133-1137
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume200
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 15 1992
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Rabies
rabies
Horses
horses
paresis
cerebrospinal fluid
Paresis
Ataxia
necropsy
Viral Inclusion Bodies
Hyperesthesia
Cerebrospinal Fluid Proteins
brain
Colic
anus
colic
Brain Edema
Anal Canal
paralysis
antibody detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Green, S. L., Smith, L. L., Vernau, W., & Beacock, S. M. (1992). Rabies in horses: 21 cases (1970-1990). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 200(8), 1133-1137.

Rabies in horses : 21 cases (1970-1990). / Green, S. L.; Smith, L. L.; Vernau, William; Beacock, S. M.

In: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Vol. 200, No. 8, 15.04.1992, p. 1133-1137.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Green, SL, Smith, LL, Vernau, W & Beacock, SM 1992, 'Rabies in horses: 21 cases (1970-1990).', Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, vol. 200, no. 8, pp. 1133-1137.
Green, S. L. ; Smith, L. L. ; Vernau, William ; Beacock, S. M. / Rabies in horses : 21 cases (1970-1990). In: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 1992 ; Vol. 200, No. 8. pp. 1133-1137.
@article{61ff36ed81ee4e638c6560c3964e413b,
title = "Rabies in horses: 21 cases (1970-1990).",
abstract = "The records of 21 horses with rabies were reviewed. Results of fluorescent antibody testing for rabies antigen in brain tissue were positive in each case. According to the histories, 5 of the horses had been vaccinated for rabies between 4 to 24 months prior to the onset of the clinical signs. Bite wounds were not observed on any of the horses, and exposure to a suspected rabid animal was witnessed in only 5 cases. Clinical signs of disease at the time of initial examination included ataxia and paresis of the hindquarters (9/21, 43{\%}), lameness (5/21, 24{\%}), recumbency (3/21, 14{\%}), pharyngeal paralysis (2/21, 10{\%}), and colic (2/21, 10{\%}). The major clinical signs observed over the course of hospitalization included recumbency (21/21; 100{\%}), hyperesthesia (17/21; 81{\%}), loss of tail and anal sphincter tone (12/21; 57{\%}), fever (11/21; 52{\%}), and ataxia and paresis of the hindquarters (11/21; 52{\%}). Mean survival time after the onset of clinical signs was 4.47 days (range, 1 to 7 days). Supportive treatment, given to 9 horses, had no effect on survival time and did not correlate with the detection of negri bodies at necropsy. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was obtained from 6 horses and was determined to be abnormal in 5. The most common abnormality was a slightly high total cell count (5/6), with a predominance of lymphocytes (4/6). The CSF total protein concentration was high in only 2 horses. At necropsy, there was gross evidence of diffuse brain edema, meningeal congestion, and focal areas of hemorrhage in 5 horses (24{\%}).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)",
author = "Green, {S. L.} and Smith, {L. L.} and William Vernau and Beacock, {S. M.}",
year = "1992",
month = "4",
day = "15",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "200",
pages = "1133--1137",
journal = "Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association",
issn = "0003-1488",
publisher = "American Veterinary Medical Association",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Rabies in horses

T2 - 21 cases (1970-1990).

AU - Green, S. L.

AU - Smith, L. L.

AU - Vernau, William

AU - Beacock, S. M.

PY - 1992/4/15

Y1 - 1992/4/15

N2 - The records of 21 horses with rabies were reviewed. Results of fluorescent antibody testing for rabies antigen in brain tissue were positive in each case. According to the histories, 5 of the horses had been vaccinated for rabies between 4 to 24 months prior to the onset of the clinical signs. Bite wounds were not observed on any of the horses, and exposure to a suspected rabid animal was witnessed in only 5 cases. Clinical signs of disease at the time of initial examination included ataxia and paresis of the hindquarters (9/21, 43%), lameness (5/21, 24%), recumbency (3/21, 14%), pharyngeal paralysis (2/21, 10%), and colic (2/21, 10%). The major clinical signs observed over the course of hospitalization included recumbency (21/21; 100%), hyperesthesia (17/21; 81%), loss of tail and anal sphincter tone (12/21; 57%), fever (11/21; 52%), and ataxia and paresis of the hindquarters (11/21; 52%). Mean survival time after the onset of clinical signs was 4.47 days (range, 1 to 7 days). Supportive treatment, given to 9 horses, had no effect on survival time and did not correlate with the detection of negri bodies at necropsy. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was obtained from 6 horses and was determined to be abnormal in 5. The most common abnormality was a slightly high total cell count (5/6), with a predominance of lymphocytes (4/6). The CSF total protein concentration was high in only 2 horses. At necropsy, there was gross evidence of diffuse brain edema, meningeal congestion, and focal areas of hemorrhage in 5 horses (24%).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

AB - The records of 21 horses with rabies were reviewed. Results of fluorescent antibody testing for rabies antigen in brain tissue were positive in each case. According to the histories, 5 of the horses had been vaccinated for rabies between 4 to 24 months prior to the onset of the clinical signs. Bite wounds were not observed on any of the horses, and exposure to a suspected rabid animal was witnessed in only 5 cases. Clinical signs of disease at the time of initial examination included ataxia and paresis of the hindquarters (9/21, 43%), lameness (5/21, 24%), recumbency (3/21, 14%), pharyngeal paralysis (2/21, 10%), and colic (2/21, 10%). The major clinical signs observed over the course of hospitalization included recumbency (21/21; 100%), hyperesthesia (17/21; 81%), loss of tail and anal sphincter tone (12/21; 57%), fever (11/21; 52%), and ataxia and paresis of the hindquarters (11/21; 52%). Mean survival time after the onset of clinical signs was 4.47 days (range, 1 to 7 days). Supportive treatment, given to 9 horses, had no effect on survival time and did not correlate with the detection of negri bodies at necropsy. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was obtained from 6 horses and was determined to be abnormal in 5. The most common abnormality was a slightly high total cell count (5/6), with a predominance of lymphocytes (4/6). The CSF total protein concentration was high in only 2 horses. At necropsy, there was gross evidence of diffuse brain edema, meningeal congestion, and focal areas of hemorrhage in 5 horses (24%).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027120024&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027120024&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 200

SP - 1133

EP - 1137

JO - Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

JF - Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

SN - 0003-1488

IS - 8

ER -