Rabies and brucellosis immunization status and adverse reactions to rabies vaccines in veterinary students

Kimie J. Kagawa, Bruno B Chomel, Louis Lery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rabies pre-immunization has been recommended for high risk professions, including veterinarians. Cell-cultured rabies vaccines have considerably reduced the risk of post-vaccination neurological reactions found in earlier vaccines. However, some adverse reactions have been reported with Human Diploid Cell Vaccines. 329 French veterinary students were surveyed about their rabies and brucellosis vaccination status, the occurrence of adverse reactions to rabies vaccine, and their antibody titer monitoring practices. Questions also were asked to determine if mandatory rabies pre-exposure immunization upon entry to veterinary school motivated students to maintain their rabies pre-exposure vaccination. The overall vaccination rate was 98.5% for rabies and 17% for brucellosis. 19% of the rabies vaccinated students reported some form of adverse reaction, whatever the vaccine brand used, but none experienced systemic allergic reaction. Adverse reactions were twice more frequent in female than male students and were more frequent after primary series than revaccination series (Relative Risk = 1.76). Despite the mild reactions encountered, rabies pre-exposure vaccination has been well-accepted by French veterinary students. In contrast, vaccination against brucellosis was not as well-accepted for prophylaxis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-87
Number of pages9
JournalComparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adverse vaccine reactions
  • human brucellosis vaccination
  • Pre-exposure rabies vaccination
  • vaccination status survey
  • veterinary students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Immunology
  • Microbiology
  • veterinary(all)

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