Rabies among African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) in the Masai Mara, Kenya

P. W. Kat, K. A. Alexander, J. S. Smith, J. D. Richardson, L. Munson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

A pack of African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) ranging to the north of the Masai Mara National Reserve in southwestern Kenya was monitored from 1988 to 1989. During a 6-week period (August 1-September 13, 1989), 21 of 23 members of this pack died. Seven carcasses were retrieved, of which 4 were suitable for necropsy and histopathologic examination. Gross findings varied among individuals and included multiple bite wounds, synovitis, lymphadenopathy, submandibular, cervical, and vocal cord edema, blood in bronchi, bronchioles, stomach, and intestine, and anterioventral lung lobe consolidation. Histologic examination of 2 available brain samples revealed nonsuppurative encephalitis with eosinophilic intracytoplasmic inclusions (Negri bodies). An additional brain sample tested positive for rabies via a fluorescent antibody test. Other histologic features included severe suppurative bronchopneumonia, myocarditis, and lymphoid depletion of the lymph nodes, tonsils, and spleen. A 304-base pair (bp) nucleotide sequence from the N gene and a 310-bp sequence from the G gene from rabies isolates of 4 wild dogs indicated that infection was with a rabies variant common among domestic dogs in Kenya and Tanzania.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)420-426
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Volume8
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • veterinary(all)

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    Kat, P. W., Alexander, K. A., Smith, J. S., Richardson, J. D., & Munson, L. (1996). Rabies among African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) in the Masai Mara, Kenya. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 8(4), 420-426.