Quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis is a statistical method that can be applied to identify loci making a significant impact on a phenotype. For the phenotype of susceptibility to diet-induced atherosclerosis in the mouse, we have studied four quantitative traits: area of aortic fatty streaks and serum concentrations of high-density lipoprotein-bound cholesterol (HDL-cholesterol), apolipoprotein A-I, and apolipoprotein A-II (apo A-II). QTL analysis revealed a significant locus on chromosome 1 distal impacting serum apo A-II concentration on a high-fat diet and serum HDL-cholesterol concentration on a chow diet. This locus is presumably Apoa-2, the structural gene for apo A-II. QTL analysis of aortic fatty streaks failed to reveal a significant locus.
- aortic fatty streaks
- quantitative trait locus analysis
- recombinant inbred mice
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